Hack Wifi Password Apk

Hack Wifi Password Apk – In 2019, McAfee Advanced Threat Research (ATR) revealed a vulnerability in a product called BoxLock. A little later, the CEO of iParcelBox, a British company, contacted us and offered to send us some of their products to test. Although this is not your M.O. For our research, we applaud the company for being proactive in its security efforts, and since the iParcelBox team was kind enough to bring it all to us, we decided to take a look.

The iParcelBox is a large steel box that can be accessed by postmen, neighbors, etc. to safely retrieve or deliver items without having to enter your home. The iParcelBox has one button that, when pressed, will notify the owner that someone wants to place an object inside. The owner will receive an “open” request push notification on their mobile device, which they can accept or decline.

Hack Wifi Password Apk

The first thing we notice about this device is its simplicity. In an attacker’s mindset, we are always looking at a wide variety of attack vectors. This device has only three external vectors: a remote cloud API, WIFI, and one physical button.

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During installation, the iParcelBox creates a WIFI hotspot for the mobile app to connect to and send installation information. Each iParcelBox has a unique 16-character randomly generated WiFi password that makes it essentially impossible to force a WPA2 key; Also, this access point is only available when the iParcelBox is in configuration mode. The iParcelBox can be placed in installation mode by holding down the button, but will alert the owner via a notification and will only stay in installation mode for a few minutes before returning to normal operation.

Since we have the WiFi password for the iParcelBox in our lab, we connected to the device to see what we could get from the web server. The device was only listening on port 443, which means that the traffic between the app and iParcelBox is probably encrypted, which we later verified. This directed us to the Android app to try and decipher what kind of messages were being sent to the iParcelBox during installation.

Using dex2jar we were able to unzip the APK file and look at the code inside the app. We quickly noticed that the iParcelBox uses MQTT (MQ Telemetry Transport) to pass messages back and forth between the iParcelBox and the cloud. MQTT is a message publish/subscribe protocol where devices can subscribe to “topics” and receive messages. A simple description is available here: ( https://youtu.be/EIxdz-2rhLs )

The next usual step is to flash the firmware for the device, so we start looking for interesting URLs in the uninstalled APK code. Although we didn’t find any direct firmware links, we were able to find some useful information.

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The code snippet above shows some interesting points, including the string “config.iparcelbox.com” as well as the line with “app” and “TBpwkjoU68M”. We think app user credentials may be passed to the iParcelBox during installation; however, we will return to this later. The URL didn’t resolve on the internet, but by connecting to the iParcelBox hotspot and doing a Dig query we could see that it resolved with the iParcelBox.

Nothing came up for us from the Android app or the device’s web server, so we decided to dig deeper. One of the most common ways to gather information about targets is to search user forums and see if others are trying to tweak and modify the device. Often with IOT devices, home automation forums have numerous examples of API usage as well as user scripts to interact with these devices. We wanted to see if there was something like this for the iParcelBox. Our initial search for iParcelBox came up empty, except for some marketing content, but when we changed the search to the iParcelBox API, we noticed some interesting posts.

We could see even on the first page there are some bug reports and a couple of user forums for “Mongoose-OS”. After going to the Mongoose-OS forums we could clearly see that a user is part of the iParcelBox development team. This gave us a clue that the device was running Mongoose-OS on an ESP32 development board, which is important because an ESP32 device can be flashed with many other types of code. We started tracking user posts and managed to uncover extensive information about the device and development decisions throughout the build process. Most importantly, it was a shortcut to many of the remaining analysis techniques.

As mentioned above, trying to access the device’s firmware by extracting directly from the device or downloading it from the vendor’s website is a high priority. Flashing the firmware is a bit more tedious as you often have to solder the wires to the flash chip or remove the chip all together to interact with the flash. Before we started trying to remove the firmware from the ESP32, we noticed another post on the forums that mentioned that the flash memory of the device is encrypted.

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With this information, we skipped soldering wires to the ESP32 and didn’t even try to manually remove the firmware as it would have been difficult to get anything out of it. This also provided insight into the provisioning process and how each device is configured. With this information we start looking at how OTA updates are downloaded.

Searching a little further, we were able to find an upload file from a large log file containing what appeared to be the iParcelBox startup procedure. While searching the registry, we found very sensitive data.

In the snippet above you can see that the admin credentials and GitHub token are passed. Needless to say, this is not a good practice, we will see if we can use it later. But in this log, we also find a firmware URL.

We found this forum post where “.htaccess” is configured to prevent unwanted access to the firmware download.

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The admin password found earlier was not validated, so we wanted to pull the device logs to see if they were old credentials and if we could print the new ones to the UART.

The ESP32 RX and TX pins are mapped to the USB-C connection, but if you look at the circuit there is no FTDI (Future Technology Devices International) chip for processing, so it’s just raw serial. We have decided to only solder to the vias (Vertical Interconnect Access) highlighted in red above, but no data has been transferred yet.

This at least confirmed that it wasn’t something we configured incorrectly, but simply that logging via UART was disabled.

From our reconsideration we pretty much decided on the fact that we weren’t going to get into the iParcelBox easily from a physical point of view and we decided to switch to a network method. We knew that iParcelBox creates a wireless AP during setup and we can connect to it. With our knowledge from the forums we decided to revisit the iParcelBox web server. We started by sending some “MOS” (Mongoose-OS) management commands to see what was left.

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Mongoose-OS installation instructions can be found here. Instead of installing directly on the OS we did it in Docker for portability.

The first command returned a promising message that all we need to do is provide the credentials. Remember when we came across the boot log earlier? Yes, the admin credentials are posted online and they actually work.

At this point, we had full and effective root access to the iParcelBox, including access to all files, JavaScript code, and more importantly, the AWS certificate and private key.

With the files removed from the device, we noticed that the developers of iParcelBox implemented an Access Control List (ACL). For an IOT device this is unusual but good practice.

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The credentials we saw earlier in the disassembled Android APK with username “app” were RPC credentials but with limited permission to run only Sys.GetInfo, Wifi.Scan, Wifi.PortalSave and Sys.Reboot. You can’t do anything too interesting with those credentials, so for the rest of this method we’ll stick with “admin” credentials.

Now that we had the credentials, certificates and private keys we wanted to try switching to other devices. During the installation, we noticed that the MAC address was labeled as “TopicID”.

As we determined above, the iParcelBox uses MQTT to mediate communication between the device, the cloud, and the mobile app. We were interested in finding out if there were any authentication barriers or if all you need is the MAC address of the device to launch remote commands.

Since we basically have root access, enabling logging was a logical next step so we could see what was happening on the device. In one of the Mongoose-OS forum posts we saw that you can enable UDP logging on a local device by changing the settings in the iParcelBox.

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We provided the iParcelBox and then hosted the

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